学习

poj2728:22Aの最优比例生成树!做的这么辛苦怎么可能有福利!

从15号开始..到今天..我就一直在撸这题..

这题..是最小生成树专题的最后一题..

今天..我他喵终于AC了!!【涕泗横流】

事不宜迟..我们来看看题目..

Desert King
Time Limit: 3000MS Memory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 23144 Accepted: 6486

Description

David the Great has just become the king of a desert country. To win the respect of his people, he decided to build channels all over his country to bring water to every village. Villages which are connected to his capital village will be watered. As the dominate ruler and the symbol of wisdom in the country, he needs to build the channels in a most elegant way.

After days of study, he finally figured his plan out. He wanted the average cost of each mile of the channels to be minimized. In other words, the ratio of the overall cost of the channels to the total length must be minimized. He just needs to build the necessary channels to bring water to all the villages, which means there will be only one way to connect each village to the capital.

His engineers surveyed the country and recorded the position and altitude of each village. All the channels must go straight between two villages and be built horizontally. Since every two villages are at different altitudes, they concluded that each channel between two villages needed a vertical water lifter, which can lift water up or let water flow down. The length of the channel is the horizontal distance between the two villages. The cost of the channel is the height of the lifter. You should notice that each village is at a different altitude, and different channels can't share a lifter. Channels can intersect safely and no three villages are on the same line.

As King David's prime scientist and programmer, you are asked to find out the best solution to build the channels.

Input

There are several test cases. Each test case starts with a line containing a number N (2 <= N <= 1000), which is the number of villages. Each of the following N lines contains three integers, x, y and z (0 <= x, y < 10000, 0 <= z < 10000000). (x, y) is the position of the village and z is the altitude. The first village is the capital. A test case with N = 0 ends the input, and should not be processed.

Output

For each test case, output one line containing a decimal number, which is the minimum ratio of overall cost of the channels to the total length. This number should be rounded three digits after the decimal point.

Sample Input

4
0 0 0
0 1 1
1 1 2
1 0 3
0

Sample Output

1.000

Source

这题真他喵的蛋疼..意思大概是这样的..有个沙漠里的国王想在他的国家的村庄之间修建水渠..然后呢..村庄之间是有高度差的..然后呢..我们都知道要把水的动能转为势能需要抽水机(大雾),买这样一台东西要钱的嘛..所以呢..这位蛋疼的国王希望我来修建水渠让所有的村庄链接起来,并且让水渠总长度和水渠总价格(高度)的比最大..

这题是什么类型呢..叫做最优比例生成树..

思路:http://www.cnblogs.com/lotus3x/archive/2009/03/21/1418480.html

涉及到01分数规划等等..不过只要你能看懂啥是sigma还是不大成问题的..
数学分析,然后二分就行了..

MD我懒得解释了,上代码!

Source Code

Problem: 2728 User: aclolicon
Memory: 24540K Time: 1610MS
Language: G++ Result: Accepted
    • Source Code
#include<cstdio>
#include<iostream>
#include<cmath>
#define MAXN 1010
#define INF 0x7ffffffff
#define EPS 1e-5//精度控制 
using namespace std;
struct position{
	int x, y;
}pos[MAXN];//记录输入村庄的值 
double g[MAXN][MAXN], mc[MAXN];//记录prim存图以及最短距离,以及是否已经走过 
bool used[MAXN];//记录prim是否已经走过 
double dist[MAXN][MAXN], cost[MAXN], dis[MAXN];//记录两村之间欧几里得距离, 高度
double h[MAXN][MAXN]; 
int pre[MAXN];
int n;
int ans;//记录答案
//Based on the formula: sigma((costi - costj) - ans * d) == 0
double calcdist(position a, position b){
	return sqrt(((double)a.x - (double)b.x)*((double)a.x - (double)b.x) + ((double)a.y - (double)b.y)*((double)a.y - (double)b.y));
}
void erase(){//Prim初始化 
	for (int i = 0; i < n; i++){
		mc[i] = INF;
		used[i] = 0;
		pre[i] = 0;
	}
	mc[0] = 0;
}
double prim(double bin){//prim算法算出最小生成树 
	erase();
	double res = 0;
	for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
		for (int j = 0; j < n; j++){
			g[i][j] = h[i][j] - bin * dist[i][j];
//			cout << i << ',' << j << ':' << g[i][j] << endl;
		}
	while(1) {
		int v = -1;
		for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) if (!used[i] && (v == -1||mc[v] > mc[i])) v = i;
		if (v == -1) break;
		used[v] = 1;  
		res += mc[v];
//		cout << v << ',' << res << endl; 
		for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) mc[i] = min(mc[i], g[v][i]);
	}
	return res;
//	cout << tcost << ',' << tdist << endl; 
//	return sum;
}

void solve(){
        double a = 0, l = 0, r = 100000.0;  
        while (r - l > EPS)  {  
            double mid = (l + r) / 2.0;  
            a = prim(mid);  
            if (a >= 0) l = mid;  
            else r = mid;  
		}
	        printf("%.3fn", r);
}
void init(){
	for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
		cin >> pos[i].x >> pos[i].y >> cost[i];
	for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)//在初始化做好预处理,到时候直接调用不用重复计算 
		for (int j = 0; j < i; j++){
			dist[j][i] = dist[i][j] = calcdist(pos[i],pos[j]);
			h[i][j] = h[j][i] = abs(cost[i] - cost[j]);
//		                cout << i << ',' << j << '!' << h[i][j] << ':' << dist[i][j] << endl;
		}

}
int main(){
	while(cin >> n){
		if (n == 0) break;
		init();
		solve();
	}
	return 0;
}

我他喵的折腾了三天啊..蛋疼啊..

b-a
我还没有学会写个人说明!
查看“b-a”的所有文章 →

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

相关推荐